Event Stories

  • Anton Thor Helle and the story of the Estonian Bible translation

    After decades of hard work, the first Bible in Estonian was published in 1739. This publication brought along a change in Estonian written language: North-Estonian became the widespread norm of the written language. Most prominent figure in the whole process was Anton Thor Helle, a pastor in … Continue reading

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  • Peasants of the Baltic Governorates are freed from serfdom

    The process of abolition of serfdom in the Governorates of Estonia, Livonia and Courland came about thanks to enlightenment-minded czar Alexander I, and due to economic problems the local landlords were facing. Serfdom was abolished in 1816-1819. It was a kind of experiment in the Russian Empire, … Continue reading

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  • World War I and Estonia

    In 1914, war broke out between European powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary on the one side and Russia, France, and Great Britain on the other). Soon, this had escalated into a world war. In the beginning of 1917, a revolution broke out in Russia, country that was politically and economically fell … Continue reading

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  • The rise and the fall the Brotherhood of the Sword

    The Brotherhood of the Sword, officially The Militia of Christ, was the strongest military power in the XIII century Livonia. The Order was able to guarantee the subordination of the local people: in 1206, the Livonians were defeated. In 1208, the Order allied themselves with the Latgalians, an … Continue reading

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