Event Stories

  • The Battle of St. Matthew's Day in 1217

    This was one of the greatest field battles for the Estonians in the Livonian Crusade. An army, gathered by Lembitu, a Saccalian elder, and consisting of men from most of the Northern Estonian counties, met the elite army of the crusaders. Estonians were defeated and it minimized the ability of the … Continue reading

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  • Reformation in Livonia

    Reformation is considered often the event finishing the middle age and starting the new age in the European history. As a result of the latter the current religiously catholic Europe was divided into two parts: the Protestantism generally won in Northern Europe, in the south the Catholic Church … Continue reading

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  • Peasants of the Baltic Governorates are freed from serfdom

    The process of abolition of serfdom in the Governorates of Estonia, Livonia and Courland came about thanks to enlightenment-minded czar Alexander I, and due to economic problems the local landlords were facing. Serfdom was abolished in 1816-1819. It was a kind of experiment in the Russian Empire, … Continue reading

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  • The Republic of Estonia in 1918-1940: authoritarian coup in Estonia in 1934

    On March 12, 1934, the Head of State, Konstantin Pärts and general Johan Laidoner arranged a military coup in Estonia. State of emergency was instated and the Vaps Movement (Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence) was shut down. In the autumn of 1943, the so called "silent … Continue reading

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