Event Stories

  • Resistance and an attempt to regain independence in 1944

    As the Red Army was getting closer, in 1944, the national groups began to act in order to reestablish the Republic of Estonia. In September 1944, Jüri Uluots, the last legitimate Prime Minister of Estonia, appointed Otto Tief to the position of the Acting President. Tief's government made … Continue reading

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  • Administration: the story of the bishopric of Dorpat

    The bishopric of Dorpat was the only state unit in Livonia which was one whole dominion. It covered the former Ugaunia (Ugandi) county. The history of the sacral state unit, initially called the bishopric of Estonia then Lihula, is a long and complicated one. It center was moved to Tartu in 1224. … Continue reading

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  • Polish rule in Estonia

    The rule of Poland, or rather Lithuania at first and Rzeczpospolita later, in Southern Estonia lasted for a bit longer than 60 years: from the beginning of the Livonian War in 1562, until Sweden captured the town of Tartu in 1625. The Polish era is mainly remembered as the era of recatholicism and … Continue reading

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  • The Battle of St. Matthew's Day in 1217

    This was one of the greatest field battles for the Estonians in the Livonian Crusade. An army, gathered by Lembitu, a Saccalian elder, and consisting of men from most of the Northern Estonian counties, met the elite army of the crusaders. Estonians were defeated and it minimized the ability of the … Continue reading

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