Event Stories

  • The coadjutor conflict in Livonia (1556-1557)

    The last civil war in Livonia broke out in 1556, when the archbishop of Riga, Wilhelm (see image), tried to appoint the brother of Mecklenburg's duke as his coadjutor, even though about 10 years earlier it had been agreed that it was prohibited to appoint a coadjutor without the consent of other … Continue reading

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  • St. George Night's Uprising

    Uprising of St. George's Night, beginning on April 23, 1343 and lasting for two years, was one of the most significant Estonian revolts during the Middle Ages. Harrien (Harjumaa), Wiek (Läänema) and Ösel (Saaremaa) tried to banish foreign rule for two years. Estonians also showed … Continue reading

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  • The Livonia-Moscow War (1501-1503)

    This was the last armed conflict where the Livonian Order and the rest of Old-Livonia somewhat succeeded. The most important event to the Livonians in this two-year war was the victory in Smolino battle, but in reality this conflict did not change the developed power balance: the Grand Duchy of … Continue reading

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  • Fortified churches in Estonia

    During the Middle Ages, several fortified churches were built Estonia. Several of the were in Saaremaa. These buildings had massive walls and embrasures, offering refuge for dozens of people during war. Their effectiveness, however, was rater limited when compared to the forts, and by the time the … Continue reading

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