The Civil war between the town of Riga and the Order


After the treaty of Salaspils was signed, the town of Riga suffered more than other towns in Livonia. As it had two earthly masters, the demands on the town were double than that of the others.

Thus, already few decades later, Riga tried to free itself from the engagement. In 1480s, the archbishop had, again, fallen out with the Order and was defeated in 1481; after that, the position remained vacant for years. At the same time, tensions between the town and the Order rose due to trade, and in 1484, a full scale civil war broke out. The townsfolk tore town Order's fort in Riga, and either killed on banished all the members of the Order.

The Daugavgriva (Dünamünde) fort nearby was attacked and captured. The Order tried to resolve the quarrel via negotiations at first, but also begun to gather its military. At first, the confrontation was too great, and the Order did no dare to use its full force against the town, fearing the reaction of the neighboring countries and the Holy Roman Empire.

The negotiations that lasted for years did not solve the issue, until the land marshal Wolter von Plettenberg's forces destroyed the forces of the townsfolk in a battle that was held near Riga in 1491. After that, the town and the Order signed a peace treaty, the conditions of the Salaspils treaty were reinstated and the townsfolk had to rebuild both the forts in Riga and in Daugavgriva.