The Battle of Narva


The Swedish artillery began the battle and at 2 o'clock the general assault began.

The outcome of the battle was greatly decided by a sudden snow-storm, it blew from behind the Swedish forces and straight into the faces of the Russians, crippling their sights and ability to aim.

Through furious melee combat, Russia's line of defense was broken and their troops panicked and escaped over Narva River, where many drowned. In fear of retribution of the Russian soldiers, commander de Croy gave himself prisoner.
At around eight o'clock in the evening the Russians opened negotiations with the Swedes and soon the last remaining infantry of general Adam Weide had laid down their arms.

The Swedish army lost 700 men and another 1200 were wounded, the Russians however, lost 8000 - 9000 men. Most of the high ranking military leaders fell prisoner, ten of whom were generals. The spoils were 32 000 rubles from the war cache, but also the 177 cannons and artillery they had brought with them. The victory at Narva gave the king confidence to continue the war.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Image source: