Russians in Livonia

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In 1221, Russians were ready to arrange another larger raid. This time they allied with Lithuanians instead of Estonians. Russians returned the latest peace treaty, which had been signed in Otepää, to the Germans, and marched into Livonia. The army was lead by Svjatoslav Vselovodovich, the brother of Yuri of Vladimir-Suzdal. Svjatoslav had been sent to help Novgorod.

Collaboration with the Lithuanians did not work out well, and Russian army had to wait for them for two weeks. The army reached Võnnu and Toreida, but hesitated with attacking. Due to inner conflicts, the Germans had trouble with organizing their own armies; nonetheless, the Order together with Livonians managed to stop Russian advance. Soon, the latter turned around without conquering any of the forts, but pillaging Ümera region and Ugaunia on their way back.

Lithuanians and Russians moved together until Pihkva, then the Lithuanians moved to their own lands. They were caught by the Germans and Latvians while crossing Väina River and were destroyed.

Image: fort of Võnnu.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis. Vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Olion: Tallinn 1990

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