Ugaunian and German raid to Russia

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06. January 1217

After Vladimir had left Otepää, Ugaunians and Germans began to fortify the fort, which became the first German stronghold in Estonia.

Then, the army headed to Russia. The initiators of the raid were probably Estonians. The army moved across Lämmijärv Lake, towards Novgorod. How far they reached is unknown, but the Russians did not expect the attack.

Epiphany celebrations were underway, and people were mainly engaged with eating and drinking. Joint army pillaged and looted, and then returned to Otepää.

Image: Lämmijärv Lake

Source: Ain Mäesalu, Tõnis Lukas, Mati Laur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I. Avita: Tallinn 1995;

Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis. Vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Olion: Tallinn 1990

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