Russian campaign to Estonia

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Unlike to the chronicles of Novgorod, the Chronicle of Livonia does not mention the campaign of 1209. Nonetheless, it probably did take place before the winter of 1209, and also name of the place that the pillaging forces reached is mentioned: Torma. However, this is not the Torma that is situated in Northern-Tartumaa, but rather a village named Tõrma, near the town of Rakvere. Henrik's chronicle mentions Tõrma as a big village also in.

Image: prince of Novogord Mstislav Udaloy (left) on monument to the Millenia of Russia in Novgorod

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis. Vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Olion: Tallinn 1990

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