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Kärdla has been first mentioned in 1564 when the settlement of the Swedes consisting of 24 families was located there. Kärdla village started to grow in 1830 due to the felt factory taken over from Suuremõisa. Kärdla became the city on 1 May 1938.

Human settlement in Hiiumaa can be talked about already before IV century b.c. In 1228 Hiiumaa is first mentioned in written sources, the name shape is Dageida. In 1254 the island is divided between the Livonian order and Saare-Lääne bishop. Hiiumaa went under Sweden in 1563 and under Russia in 1710 in the Northern War.

In 1917 the island was occupied by the German troops, in 1918-1940 the Republic of Estonia had the period of independence, followed by occupation of USSR and restoration of independence in 1991. The oldest architectural monuments in Hiiumaa are the churches without doubt. Presumably the stone church of Pühalepa Laurentsius was completed already in 1259.The current look originates from the 18th century.

The island has had more than twenty five manors through the years; the oldest are Putkaste and Lauka. Together with the development of shipping the requirements for the safety of seafaring increased. Thus Kõpu lighthouse was built upon the demand of Hansa Union already at the beginning of the 16th century.

This tower is considered the third as to the age among the ones having continuously been operating in the world. Even now the light of Kõpu lighthouse is visible at the distance of 35 miles. The lighthouses made of cast iron are peculiar in Ristna and Tahkuna, built in France in 1874 and 1875. The dominant part of farm architecture originates from the 19th century.





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