Two bells are cast for the Russian orthodox monastery in Tartu

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In 1558, when Russia conquered a large part of Livonia, Tartu became one of the most important centers of the new rule. The town developed into an important center for the orthodox church: a separate bishop was appointed there in 1570. Already earlier a orthodox monastery had been operating there, but little information can be found about it today. In 1570, two bells were cast for it, the priest and the contemporary leadership of the monastery were mentioned in the epigraph. It is also known, that the monastery was located on the mountain of Babylon, location that cannot be traced to any place in or near Tartu. It is likely that also monastery's lands were near Tartu. Monastery was abolished in 1582, when according to the Treaty of Jam Zapolski, Russian rule ended in the southern part of Livonia, and the monastery relocated to Ozero, near Lake Peipsi. Data from Ozero monastery let us believe, that about dozen monks lived in Tartu monastery.

Source: Anti Selart. Õigeusu klooster Liivi sõja aegses Tartus. In: Vene aeg Eestis: uurimusi 16. sajandi keskpaigast kuni 20. sajandi alguseni.Tartu: Eesti Ajalooarhiiv, 2006.

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