Handicraft

to map

1629

Besides the trade of goods, the second other important profession in town life was handicraft. The guilds were at their height. The guild system became more strict and more guilds were created, because masters started specializing. Even the masters in smaller towns' had to belong to a guild, and they were considered either a member of the appropriate guild in Tallinn or Riga, based on their place of residence. Like in commerce, the locals were kept away from the craftsmanship professions. In 1675, the guild of St. Olaf, consisting mainly of Estonians, was disbanded. Since the Kanuti guild of would not accept them, they remained guildless, and therefore without citizen rights.
Manufactures, where handicraft was still used, were established aside the smaller handicraft industries. So far manufacturing had only been used in brick sheds, lime ovens and saw mills. The Hüti glass-manufacture was founded in Hiiumaa, where window-glass, bottles and bowls were made. The largest number of manufactures were in Narva, processing linen and hemp that was brought from Russia. Narva also had a mill that used raw materials from Sweden, producing copper-sheet metal; and a saw mill that used wood from Ingria. Even Tallinn had copper mills, one of which later became a rag-paper manufacture.

Image: A copy of a shot glass, produced in Hüti manufactures

Source: Ain Mäesalu, Tõnis Lukas, Mati Laur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I. Avita, Tallinn 1995
Image source: http://klaasikogu.virtuaalmuuseum.ee/Jalatajoogiklaasid/


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