Livonian noblility's self government is abolished

to map

1694

As punishment for the resistance of the nobility, Karl XI practically destroyed the sovereign rule of the Livonian nobles, disbanding the Council of the Livonian Noble Corporation and subverting the Diets to the control of the governor general. Additionally, the representatives of the council were removed from the court and consistory.
This kind of humiliation was very wounding to the Baltic nobility, who until then had tried to set a distinct difference of standing between themselves and the rich townsfolk. Russian czar Peter I used this resistance to the Swedish rule for his own advantage during the Great Northern War, promising to return nobility's former rights, and thus he gained the support of the Baltic Germans.

Image: The governor general of Livonia, Jakob Johann (Jacob Johan) Hastfer

Source: Ain Mäesalu, Tõnis Lukas, Mati Laur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I. Avita, Tallinn 1995
Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/et/d/de/JJHastfer.jpg


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