Treaty of Oliva

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23. April 1660

The treaty signed in the Olivia monastery near Danzig (Gdańsk) ended the confrontation between Sweden and Poland in the Baltic provinces. Sweden asserted its domain and even received the island of Ruhnu, area had formerly belonged to the bishopric and duchy of Courland, and was inhabited by Swedes. Sweden now held all of the Estonian territory, except for Setumaa, which remained a part of Russia, just like during the Middle ages.

Image: Oliva cloister-church

Source: Ain Mäesalu, Tõnis Lukas, Mati Laur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I. Avita, Tallinn 1995
Image source:

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