War between Poland and Sweden and the peace of Altmark

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Because neither Poland nor Sweden was content with the situation in Estonia and Livonia, the fighting started again in 1600. The frontier ran from Riga to Paide, and neither party achieved srucial success. With the war came the famine, mostly affecting the peasantry. For a while the military campaigns stopped in Estonia, because both Poland and Sweden were focusing on the war against Russia. The new king of Sweden, Gustav II Adolf signed a cease-fire agreement with Poland in 1611, truce lasted until a treaty was signed with Russia, after which he resumed fighting in Estonia and Latvia. The Swedish were successful and in 1629, Poland relinquished all its holdings north of the Väina river to Sweden, as per the treaty signed in the village of Altmark, in Western Prussia.

Image: King of Sweden, Gustav II Adolf

Source: Ain Mäesalu, Tõnis Lukas, Mati Laur, Tõnu Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I. Avita, Tallinn 1995
Image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Gustav_II_of_Sweden.jpg

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