Conclusive suppression of the rebellion in Harjumaa

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December 1343

The uprising had broke out in Harjumaa in the summer of 1343, and Estonians rebuilt two forts: probably the fort in Lohu (Loone) and in Varbola.

The Order did not wast time and began rallying forces against them. Among other things, a help request was sent to Prussia, to the head quarters of the Teutonic Order. Soon, 700 selected men arrived. In the beginning of winter, after the St. Martin's Day, Germans invaded Harjumaa.

Estonian forts were captured and the area was razed to the ground: three years later it is still called an empty, devastated county. According to the information gathered by Goswin von Herike, 30,000 Estonians died, which is an obvious exaggeration, as the whole population of Harjumaa could not have been more than 20,000 people. Nonetheless, numerous died and the land was devastated. This decisively abolished the resistance of the Estonians.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Jüriöö: [1343. aasta ülestõus]. Tallinn: Eesti Raamat, 1980.


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