The fort in Toompea

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1219

Estonian fort stood in Toompea already before the XIII century. The Danes built their fort right after they had conquered Revalia in 1219. In 1227, the Brotherhood acquired the fort, and finished the building of the Small Fort, that stood in the site of current Parliament. Rest of Toompea was called the Big Fort. It saw several rearrangements during the Danish era (1237-1346), these were especially widespread during the second half of the XIV century, when Northern Estonia went to the Order. The convent building was built, and the walls of the Small Fort were secured. The fort used to have three gates, the main gate was in the eastern wall, but it was demolished later.

Toompea in 1652

The commander of Tallinn resided in Toompea. In 1558, the fort fell to some Denmark-minded adventurists, but was soon recaptured by the Order. In 1561, it went to Sweden, but 20 days later than rest of the city, as the Polish defenders disagreed to leave the fort until the siege had began. The fort of Toompea is well protected by its site, but has been captured by adventurists also later on: in 1570 a group of mercenaries seized it, wanting to play it to the hands of either the Russians or duke Magnus. But they were defeated. As Toompea has never been captured with an assault, it is quite well preserved. In 1920, the house of the Parliament was build on the site of the former convent building, and several of the medieval constructions were torn down.

Source: Kalvi Aluve. Eesti keskaegsed linnused. Tallinn: Valgus, 1993.

image source: A.Pajur, A. Kriiska, A. Tvauri, A. Selart, B. Kibal, A. Andersen "Eesti Ajaloo Atlas" Avita 2006


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