Restoration of the Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence

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23. October 1933

As the resigning of Tõnisson's government ended the state of defence in the country on 19 October, the participants in the Estonian War of Independence were able to restore their organisation.

On 28 October 1933, the Vaps Movement or the Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence (EVL) was formed and also, a special election organisation People's Movement of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence. Although the participants in the Estonian War of Independence had managed to fulfil their main goal, the amendment of the Constitution, they decided to continue their political activities.

This was mainly justified with the will of people: as old parties were hopelessly corrupt, the participants in the Estonian War of Independence had to start making sure the Constitution was executed, but this meant that they got into the parliament and government.

The fundamentals of their programme were comprehensive support to agriculture, the transfer of foreign trade under the complete control and management of the state, the formation of national labour out of Estonian employees and firmer control of private property and capital in the interests of the people. The EVL developed into the largest Estonian party throughout times, organising large demonstrations and speech rallies.

On the photo, the last congress of the Union of Participants in the Estonian War of Independence in December 1933 at "Estonia".

 

Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Õie Elango, Ants Ruusmann ja Karl Siilivask. Eesti maast ja rahvast: Maailmasõjast maailmasõjani. Tallinn: Olion, 1998
Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. Tallinn: Olion, 2007

http://vapsid.weebly.com/kes-nad-olid.html


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