Declaration of the state of defence in Estonia

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11. August 1933

On the background of the increasing unpopularity of the government, the general political situation in Estonia kept getting more intense. To ensure order at their events, parties publicly used half-military groups formulated by themselves; fights between the proponents of different political powers were becoming more frequent. When the socialist newspaper "Rahva Sõna" blamed participants in the Estonian War of Independence of the organisation of an armed coup, the government decided to apply extraordinary measures.

On 11 August 1933, a general state of defence was declared in Estonia as well as censorship on publications; the activity of the organisations of participants in the Estonian War of Independence was banned and all half-military units of parties were dissolved.

Anti-state speeches, manifestations and writings were banned with a regulation. Major-General Gustav Jonson (on the photo) was appointed as head of national defence. This was the government's demonstration of power in the hope of calming down the political brewing in Estonia, but it failed.

Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Õie Elango, Ants Ruusmann ja Karl Siilivask. Eesti maast ja rahvast: Maailmasõjast maailmasõjani. Tallinn: Olion, 1998
Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. Tallinn: Olion, 2007

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