Estonian Salvation Committee is formed

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19. February 1918

The separate peace talks in Brest, which in 1917 began between Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey) reached a deadlock in January 1918.


Hence, Germany unilaterally annulled the truce made with Russia on December 2, 1917, and announced, that a general assault will be launched on the Eastern Front on February 18, 1918.


Committee of Elders of the Land Council of Estonia decided to gather a meeting of political elite to National Opera House "Estonia". For this, a Salvation Committee was formed, consisting of Jüri Vilms, Konstantin Konik and chairman Konstantin Päts. In addition, the text of the Manifest of Independence was created and ratified.

The Salvation Committee was housed at Suur Tartu Road 11 (see image)

Source: Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Õie Elango, Ants Ruusmann ja Karl Siilivask. Eesti maast ja rahvast: Maailmasõjast maailmasõjani. Tallinn: Olion, 1998
Eesti ajalugu: kronoloogia. Tallinn: Olion, 2007
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                   

Image source: http://www.nlib.ee/html/expo/p90/p1/p-12-327.jpg


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