Building of the fort in Rakvere

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The Danes probably began to build their fort on the site of an old Estonia fort around 1230s. Rakvere is mentioned for the first time in 1252, in 1267 as a fort.

At first, the Danes built a castle fort, but the after the Livonian Order had got their hands on it in 1347 (officially it ruled the fort from 1343), large scale constructions began: it is surmised, that then the convent building was built and the outer walls strengthened.

Constructions continued until the Livonian War, but already in 1558 the fort was abandoned, and Russians seized it without any sort of fighting.

Latter fortified the fort, building a new outer wall and soil fortifications. In 1581, the Swedish captured it, who also continued to reinforce it, building bastions. In 1602, the Polish seized the fort, and blew it up in 1605, while retreating. Since then the fort has stood in ruins.

Source: Kalvi Aluve. Eesti keskaegsed linnused. Tallinn: Valgus, 1993.

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