Surmised time of the construction of Põltsamaa fortifications

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It is thought that the construction began in 1272, and it was build as a castle fort with a round wall. Its surface is rather large (11,395 m2), later, probably in 1330, a convent building was build inside it, its measurements were eight times smaller. At first, Põltsamaa was a separate center in the bailiwick, but later it was added to the dominion of Viljandi commander.

The fort fell to Russians in 1558, and in 1570s served as the residence of the "king of Livonia", duke Magnus. Later on, the fort became the core of Põltsamaa estate, in the XVIII century the estate owner and entrepreneur Johann Wilhelm Lauw built there an elaborate mansion, with rococo interior. There was also a church in the fort's wall. After the WWII, the former convent building has remained in ruins, and it has not been restored.

Source: Kalvi Aluve. Eesti keskaegsed linnused. Tallinn: Valgus, 1993.

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