Life of the Estonians after the St. George's Night Uprising

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1345

After St. George's Night Uprising, the rights of the Estonian peasantry diminished even more. Not only because of the punishment for the uprising, but because more and more estates were established. This meant more taxes and less rights for the common folk. Serfdom started to form, and was fully developed by the end of the XV century. Civil servants, called "adrakohtunikud", emerged, who tracked down escaped peasants. However, not all Estonians had the same status; there were several categories: there were "free peasants" (vabatalupojad) who paid rent, "plowshare peasants" (adratalunikud), who payed regular taxes and "one-legs" (üksjalad) who were taxed slightly lower. Additionally, there were servants, who owned no land and had to work for others. In the beginning of the Middle Ages, there were also Estonian vassals, but who, probably by the XIV century, were germanized.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"


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