The Battle of Salaspils (Kirchholm)

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17. September 1605

Salaspilsi lahing

In 1605, king Karl Ix tried to capture Riga, with a goal to later join all of Livonia with Sweden. His army, consisting of 14,000 men, was met by the army of Jan Carol Chodkiewitz, with only 3500 men. Still, latter managed to almost crush the Swedes in the battle of Kirchholm (Salaspils), near Riga: more than 8000 Swedish soldiers perished, and almost the king also died. Karl IX survived, supposedly thanks to the self sacrificing act of a Livonian noble named Heinrich Werde: he gave his horse to the king.


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