Relationships between the foreign powers

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Initially, the foreign powers in Estonia were relatively good willing - directly after the conquest was over, the circumstances were uncertain and conflicts were avoided. There was also co-operation between the Order and Denmark: in 1240 an expedition to Pihkva and Novgorod, which ended in defeat at the Battle of the Ice.

Tensions grew at the end of the XIII century, when the first conflicts erupted between the Order and the archbishop of Riga. The reason was a dispute over who should hold power over Old-Livonia (areas of modern day Estonia and Latvia). The war lasted, with brief intermissions, until 1330; during that time Estonia was devastated. The conflict was never fully resolved and quarrels continued. It was only by the end of the XIV century, when the Order achieved supremacy for a while, but in the XV century it lost it again.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"

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