Battles from 1215 to 1221

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1215

In 1215, when the truce ended, the conflicts between the Estonians and the crusaders continued. The Germans were able to conquer Otepää, but in 1217, Estonians took it back with the aid of the Russians. The two parties then planned a greater offensive move against the crusaders, but that failed: in the Battle of St. Matthew's Day, the Estonian troops were beaten and their most important elder, Lembitu, was killed. Forays continued even after that, and the situation turned against the Estonians completely, after the Danish had made their way to Tallinn in 1219. They soon occupied Northern Estonia and the Germans occupied the rest of the mainland. The Swedes also intervened in 1220, and conquered Lihula. The Oeselians (people from Saaremaa) kicked them out soon enough, though. But by 1221, the rest of mainland Estonia was under foreign control.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"


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