Relationships with Old-Russia

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Until the beginning of the XI century, the relationship between Estonia and the Old-Russia was relatively peaceful. But around 1030, Yaroslav the Wise went on the warpath and built a stronghold above Tartu's fort, which he dubbed Jurjev.

Yaroslav Wise

Tartu stayed under the power of Kiev state for 31 years. Descendants of Yaroslav made campaigns deeper into Estonian territory in 1054 and 1060, and likely took Keava (Kedepivi). But in 1061, the Russian-Kiev forts were attacked by "sossol-s" (either Oeselinas from Saaremaa, Saccalians or Northern Estonians) and conquered Tartu. There was a big battle at Pihkva, the result of which rather favored the sossol-s.
After 1061, the relations between Estonians and Old-Russia remained tense: until the XII and XIII century, people form Pihkva and Novgorod kept on raiding the Estonians, which they, of course, returned in kind.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"


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