Beginning of the Middle Iron Age in Estonia

to map


eakening of the Roman Empire during the Great Migration and its eventual collapse also affected Estonian area. Contemporary stable trade network fell apart, and tribes, that had stayed settled so far, started moving north. This caused a series of conflicts, which, in return, resulted in the building of forts.

Entrance to the Varbola fort

In Estonian history concept, period that followed the Roman Iron Age, is called the Middle Iron Age (450-800 AD)

This is what an Estonian fort may have looked like during the Great Migration.

Also the way people saw the world changed: quadrangular mounds went out of use, and disorderly stone mounds were used instead. In Eastern- and South-Eastern Estonia dead were burried in sand mouns, that are called long-mounds, after their shape.

A long mound in Laossina

Lääne- ja Loode-Eesti ranniku ülikutel tekkisid taas suhted skandinaavlastega, seda tõestavad mõnest kalmest leitud uhked skandinaavia ehted. The nobility living near the sea in Western and North-Western Estonia, soon reestablished their ties with the Scandinavians. This is proved by beautiful scandinavian jewelry, found from mounds.


 Circumstances began to stabilize around the 600s, but about 200 years later, new power emerged: the vikings.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"

Image source: "Eesti Ajaloo Atlas"

You have finished watching the story. You can play the story again or close it and choose new stories from story selection menu. You can watch up to three stories simultaneously

You can choose up to three stories, if you wish to change choosen stories, please uncheck previous selections

Choose stories



  • ajalooline
  • kirik
  • kivid
  • mõis
  • NB
  • nool
  • ring
  • sadam