The Corded Ware culture in Estonia

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2500 BC

According to some data, representatives of the Finno-Ugric tribes arrived here already during the Middle Stone Age. At times, Kunda culture is considered to be theirs, but, especially earlier, the arrival of the Finno-Ugric tribes, by the spread of the Comb Ceramic culture, is thought to be around 4000 BC. 2500 BC saw the arrival of a new culture, which is called Corded Ware culture.

The Corded Ware culture is identified by the use of rope shapes, impressed onto ceramics and by very beautiful and smooth-furbished boat-shaped axes/hatchets. The tradition of land cultivation spread and people started settling down.

The spreading of the Corded Ware culture has been connected to the arrival of Baltic tribes of Indo-European origin to the areas of modern day Latvia and Lithuania. It is assumed, that their culture spread to north, to Estonia only here, the preexisting Fenno-Baltic language prevailed.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"

Image source: Eesti Ajaloo Atlas


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