Ice recedes form the area of Estonia

to map

11000 BC

There were four to five cold periods in Estonia all together. Some geologist believe that we are living during another interglacial period, and that after tens of tousands of years, another ice age will begin.

When the ice had receded, people could have migrated to these areas, because the climate during the previous interglacial period was much warmer than at the moment. There are no traces left however, because the movement of the glaciers during the last ice age wiped all of these away. Finally, about 13,000 years ago, the ice started to ebb from the area of Estonia. It was largely responsible for the landforms in Estonia - the hills of Southern Estonia and drumlins in Central Estonia; the ice also left behind erratic boulders. Soon, animals began arriving to the area; human migration took a little longer, however.

Source: A.Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg "Eesti ajalugu I" 1997 "Avita"

 (photo) Eesti Ajaloo Atlas

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