Russian campaign to Livonia

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September 1218

After the battle of St. Matthew's Day, fighting seized for about half a year. In spring 1218, a campaign was made to Läänemaa, after which its elders promised to accept the sacrament of baptizing and pay tribute.

Also messengers from Järva county came to Riga to confirm the agreements and the peace. In answer to the crusaders, the Oeselians organized their own raid to Metsepole and Lēdurgas.

In late summer of 1218, a larger army from Pihkva and Novgorod arrived in Livonia, hoping to join the Estonians. However, relationships between Estonians had cooled, as Russians had not kept their promise to participate in the battle of St. Matthew's Day.

Army of Germans, Livonians and Latgalians gathered in Reval, was forced to fight the Russians, who had gathered near Väike Emajõgi River. A larger battle was held near Puide, where Germans were able to momentarily halt the advance of the preponderant Russian force. Nonetheless, Russians raided the South-Eastern part of Saccalia and the Livonian villages.

Fort in Võnnu, in Pähklimäe, was attacked for a short period of time, but not captured. All in all, the whole campaign of Pihkva and Novgorod can be seen as unsuccessful.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis: vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Tallinn: Olion. 1990
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                   

Image source: A. Mäesalu, T. Lukas, M. Laur, T. Tannberg. Eesti ajalugu I, Avita 1997 lk 78


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