Christening of Southern Estonia

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August 1215

After the three army maneuver had failed, the Latgalians and the Order became more fierce. Their attacks on the county of Ugaunia increased. The area was razed to the ground and Ugaunians were left with nothing else but to send their messengers to Riga to negotiate a truce.
As the wish for peace directly affected the security of the Saccalians, they also came to Riga.

Germans demanded the christening Saccalia and Ugaunia as part of the truce, and latter agreed to that. In the summer and autumn of 1215, representatives of the Order and bishop organized a large scale christening in Southern Estonia, reaching as far as the shores Navesti and Emajõe Rivers. The process, however, was carried out only partially, and the German minsters feared to settle down in Estonia, due to the "savageness of other Estonians".

At the same time, high officials of Riga were preparing to travel to the Lateran Council in Rome. Nine cogs begun the sea voyage towards Gotland, but already on the next night a storm hit, and travelers were forced to land in Saaremaa. The Oeselians became aware of this, and numerous ships arrived at the landing site, blocking access to the sea. Two weeks passed, before Germans were able to break through the blockade and reach the sea.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis: vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Tallinn: Olion. 1990
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.


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