The Truce of Toreida

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April 1212

Fighting between the crusaders and Estonians, that had lasted for almost four years, had drained both sides, and some time for recuperation was needed. Also the plague, having started to spread in the battlefield of Toreida in 1211, was taking its toll, killing in Estonia and Livonia.

Thus, it was decided that a truce will be made, with the help of Livonians and Latgalians. Parties met in Toreida, and also bishop Albert participated in the negotiations. According to the Chronicle, the truce was made for three years. Condition was that Saccalia will be ruled by the Germans and the bishop, and it will be christened. This condition was never fulfilled in reality.

The truce of Toreida marked the end of the first stage of the Baltic Crusade, which showed that Estonians were able step up against the crusaders. During the peace period, in the beginning of 1213, Estonians were unexpectedly attacked by the Lithuanians, which diminished their chances of recuperation.

Source: Sulev Vahtre. Muinasaja loojang Eestis: vabadusvõitlus 1208-1227. Tallinn: Olion. 1990
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.       


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