The general assault of the Peoples Force

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07. January 1919


During the first week of 1919, important break-through-battles were fought on the front, and the Estonian army went into active defense. During the first days of January, many of the Red Army's attacks were repelled, and on January 5, 1919, an armored train captured Aegviidu railway station.

The invasion towards Paide, Põltsamaa and Pärnu was stopped

On January 7, 1919, the assault of Peoples Force's began despite the superiority of the Red Army. Estonian primary military force were the armored trains (see image). On January 12, Rakvere was liberated and on January 17, thousand men descent disembarked in Utria. Together with Finnish volunteers, Narva was freed by the following evening. After that the fighting on the Viru front stopped, and forces stayed in defense on Narva River.

In the meantime, two armored trains of the Peoples Force moved towards Tartu, led by Captain Karl Parts.
After joining the Kuperjanov' partisans and meeting weak resistance from retreating Red Army, joint-force reached Tartu on January 14. Already on the following day, the Estonian forces had to hold defensive battles with Latvian Bolshevik forces trying to enter Tartu.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. VI, Vabadussõjast taasiseseisvumiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa, 2005
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                

Image source:   

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