The capitulation of Harku

to map

29. September 1710

After the surrender of Pärnu, general Bauer's main force made their way to Tallinn. A force of 20,000 men gathered around Tallinn, against 4000 man garrison and 600-700 man citizen's company.

Tallinn was under supplied and over populated, problems that were increased even more by burning down the suburbs. The plague, which had began shortly before the siege, had made its way to the city.

Russian forces closed up the channel that supplied Tallinn with drinking water from lake Ülemiste. Russians did not manage to block the city's passage to the sea and therefore some reinforcements, ammo, and grains were acquired from Helsinki and Stockholm, but that was not enough.

Under those circumstances, it became ever clearer that Tallinn would see the same fate as Riga or Pärnu. On September 24, a meeting was held at Toompea, where the address of Peter I to the people of Tallinn and Estonia, and the appendix of Aleksandr Menšikov, man who had been named Governor-General of the area, were read. It was a call for surrender, in which case it was promised to maintain all of the current privileges. Two days later, the representatives of the town council, the guilds, knights and military council considered the possibility of surrender, and it was decided that capitulation was inevitable.

On September 29, 1710, the capitulation act was signed in Harku manor, near Tallinn, by lieutenant colonel Bauer from Russia's side and by the representatives of the city, the garrison and the noble corporations of Estonia from Tallinn's side,. Thus, the last remaining strong point of Swedish power in the Baltic had fallen and military activity in Estonia ceased.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                     

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