The siege of Riga

to map

October 1709

It the end of October 1709, Russian forces, led by general field marshal Boris Cheremetyev
reached Riga.

The winter-long siege weakened the inhabitants' ability to resist and in the spring, the city was struck by plague and famine.

On June 10 1710, Cheremetyev proposed to the Governor-General Nils Stromberg a contract of surrender, which he refused.

That was followed by a merciless bombing of the city, that forced the magistrate of the city, the nobles of Livonia and military leaders to start negotiations.

On July 4, 1710, Riga capitulated, on August 8, the fortress at Väina-Jõesuu (Dünamünde, Daugavgrīva) did the same. Riga's surrender decided the fate of the whole of Livonia. The remaining Swedish garrisons were ravaged by plague and the was no hope for aid from Sweden.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                      

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