Battle of Poltava

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27. June 1709

The Swedish forces had been busy in Poland since 1701, where Charles XII had to deal with the forces of Augustus II the Strong.

Since the continuation of the battles in Poland drew all of the kings attention, Russians were able to act freely in Livonia and Estonia.

Swedes' plan to invade Russia and conquer Moscow failed.

On September 28, 1708, the forces sent to aid the king's men were destroyed in the Battle of Lesnaya. 16,000 men along with supplies were lost.

On June 27, 1709, was another harsh defeat for the Swedes at the battle near Poltava in Ukraine. This also decided the fate of Estonia and Livonia, leaving Peter I able to divert his forces to strike the final blow against the Baltic.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                     

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