The battle of Hummuli

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18. July 1702

After a failure at Erastvere, Schlippenbach relocated to a new headquarters at Sangaste and attempted to acquire additional defensive forces. This failed, because Charles XII ordered all reinforcements from Sweden and Finland to join him, while he was en route to Lithuania and Poland.

With the country in the state that it was, the Russians were encouraged to attack Livonia again: in the beginning of July 1702, the 18,000 men of Chermetyev's forces were getting ready for a new assault campaign.
Schlippenbach gathered his forces of over 7000 men to his headquarters at Sangaste, from where they backed off to better positions across the Little Emajõgi, due west to Hummuli estate. The bridge crossing the river was destroyed, but the Russian forces repaired it soon after.

On July 18, 1702, the battle of Hummuli took place, where the outcome was, again, decided by the superior numbers of the Russian forces and the the fire from their cannons and cavalry drove the Swedish to retreat. The Swedish lost, including those fallen prisoner and deserters, 3500 - 3700 men, the Russians approximately 1000 - 1500 men.


The raids of the war that began in 1701 had damaged the areas around Tartu significantly. The raiders had thus far stayed away from larger towns, but several smaller towns and hamlets (Rakvere, Paide, Viljandi, Põltsamaa) were leveled.
In 1703, an even larger foray was made to Eastern- and Southern Estonia, that brought with it fierce burning of villages, killing people, rape and imprisonment.

Horses and livestock were taken. In 1702 - 1703 the Russian forces conquered Ingria, effectively cutting off the Baltic's land access to Finland. In place of Nyeni (Nevanlinna), that was destroyed in the war, Peter I started building a new capital for Russia - Petersburg.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                      Photo
: http://www.mois.ee/vilj/hummuli.shtml


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