The Great Northern War reaches Estonia

to map

12. September 1700

On August 19, 1700, czar of Russia, Peter I, declared war on Sweden.

On September 8, a message reached Narva, that the Russians have crossed the border.

On September 12, the first platoons reached the city and encircled it. 140 cannons and 25 mortars were bough to the siege, the estimated number of Russian troops were 35,500 - 38,000, 7500 - 10,000 of these were cavalry.

The garrison of Narva held some 1800 - 1900 men, peasants and its inhabitant were also called to defend the city. On September 23, Peter I arrived and began to personally lead the siege.

After turning down a proposal for surrender, the Russians opened fire on the city. Three unsuccessful charges were made against Ivangorod. After hearing of the imminent arrival of Swedish reinforcements, the czar decided to leave the battle on November 18, assigning duke Charles Eugène de Croy as the new supreme commander.

Source: Eesti ajalugu. IV, Põhjasõjast pärisorjuse kaotamiseni. Tartu: Ilmamaa. 2003
Eesti ajaloo atlas. Tallinn: Avita, 2006.                                                                                                     Photo:

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