Fishermen village of Vabaduse square

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5000 BC

About 250 single skeletons and 350 skeletons from the plague-time joint grave were dug from the former Barbara cemetery under Kaarli puiestee which now have been reburied to Liiva cemetery.

The graves of the ones buried in the 16-17th century included the pieces of Dutch pipes, rings, brooches and chainlets of glass beads. The wall remains and Stone Age settlement place were also found. A lot of pieces of comb ceramics, animal bones and quartz pieces were found from the Stone Age culture layer in places up to 50 centimetres thick Stone Age layer.

According to the archaeologist Ulla Kadakas a number of bones and pieces refer to the ancient settlement which were left on the ground under Vabaduse square about 5000 years ago.


The camp place of porpoise hunters at the Stone Age above the current Vabaduse Square of Tallinn could look like that.
On the background Toompea is seen. (photo: Postimees).

The people who ate remarkably lots of the porpoise meat of the world's smallest dolphin were keeping the camp 5500 up to 4500 years ago. The community of hunters-fishermen having lived near the Gulf of Tallinn established its seasonal camp place above the current Vabaduse Square probably about 3500 years b.c. This is initial and uncertain assessment, but in any case this was the period when the pyramids were still unbuilt in Egypt and cunei form still was still in the process of creation in Mesopotamia.

The camp of Vabaduse square was left behind about thousand years later. These thousand years when the people could use the camping place at Vabaduse square is just the period in the human history when the large civilizations were established and developed in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea and Near East where the first monumental buildings were set up such as pyramids in Egypt.

The Sumerian civilization of city-states in Mesopotamia between Tigris and Eufrat rivers were set up and destroyed. As known, the ground in Northern Estonia rises slowly and the findings of Vabaduse square were located at the height of about 15-16 metres of the current sea surface. The land in Northern Estonia according to the data of the geologists has risen by just this calibre within the last 5000 years.

Villu Kadakas

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