Kääpa settlement

to map

3000 BC

Bone arrow ends from Kääpa settlement.

Oldest signs from the human settlement on the area of Võrumaa can be obtained through the archaeological findings. Võrumaa museum has 3 occasional findings which belong to the Middle Stone Age (probably IV mill. b.c.).

These findings are the flint arrow end from Nõnova, bone ice pick and skull of a woman from Võru city. The latter is the oldest which has been up to now found in Estonia. The bust of our ancestress was made based on the skull in the Lithuanian History Institute of Academy of Sciences. The cradle of Võrumaa settlement is the coasts of River Võhandu.

The coasts of Võhandu have the Earlier Stone Age settlements in Kääpa, Villa and at the coast of Lake Tamula (in the place where River Võhandu flows out of the lake). The citizens of these settlements earned living with hunting, fishing and gathering plants. Kääpa is the oldest of these three settlements, people lived there already in I half of III mill. b.c., i.e. 5000 years ago.

The settlements having been on the coasts of River Võhandu: Kääpa where people lived 5000 years ago, Villa where people lived 4500 years ago and Tamula settlement as the youngest where people lived 4250 years ago within 500 years. In 1943 the Estonian oldest hidden finding was obtained from Tamula settlement which included interesting amber pendants and bone objects.

It takes half an hour when setting off from the city centre to reach through the park and over the beautiful chain bridge to Tamula ancient settlement. The first records originate from the year 1322 regarding the stronghold of Kirumpää which was established to protect the eastern border of Tartu bishopric. The extensive merchant-handicraftsmen settlement incurred around the stone stronghold, one of the biggest among the similar ones. The current city of Võru is located only just a kilometre in the south from the ruins of this famous area.

Kirumpää was finally destroyed in 1656 during one another Russian-Swedish war. 128 long years remained then up to the foundation of Võru city. Kirumpää has been the arena of wars and the areas attached to it belonged to Germany, Russia and Poland.



Eesti Ajaloo Atlas

You have finished watching the story. You can play the story again or close it and choose new stories from story selection menu. You can watch up to three stories simultaneously

You can choose up to three stories, if you wish to change choosen stories, please uncheck previous selections

Choose stories



  • maja
  • telk
  • tulease